Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Wheat grain

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 87.0 1.3 81.9 94.5 41570  
Crude protein % DM 12.6 1.3 8.9 19.2 34649  
Crude fibre % DM 2.6 0.4 1.6 4.1 13440  
NDF % DM 13.9 1.7 10.3 18.0 1006 *
ADF % DM 3.6 0.5 2.5 5.0 1026 *
Lignin % DM 1.1 0.3 0.7 1.9 645 *
Ether extract % DM 1.7 0.3 0.9 2.9 8597  
Ash % DM 1.8 0.2 1.2 3.1 9013  
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 69.1 1.9 61.8 74.9 25431  
Total sugars % DM 3.2 1.0 1.7 5.5 911  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.2 0.2 18.0 18.7 328 *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 0.7 0.3 0.1 1.8 1523  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.6 0.4 1.9 5.5 2951  
Potassium g/kg DM 4.6 0.6 3.6 7.4 71  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 178  
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 0.2 0.9 1.8 66  
Manganese mg/kg DM 40 14 16 69 42  
Zinc mg/kg DM 31 8 19 46 41  
Copper mg/kg DM 6 4 4 20 33  
Iron mg/kg DM 78 46 39 167 20  
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Alanine % protein 3.6 0.3 3.1 4.2 179  
Arginine % protein 4.7 0.3 4.0 5.4 177  
Aspartic acid % protein 5.1 0.3 4.4 5.9 178  
Cystine % protein 2.2 0.2 1.9 2.7 180  
Glutamic acid % protein 27.8 1.7 24.5 31.5 179  
Glycine % protein 4.0 0.2 3.5 4.3 180  
Histidine % protein 2.3 0.2 2.0 2.8 138  
Isoleucine % protein 3.4 0.2 3.1 3.8 196  
Leucine % protein 6.5 0.3 5.9 7.0 197  
Lysine % protein 2.9 0.2 2.5 3.3 457  
Methionine % protein 1.6 0.1 1.4 1.9 213  
Phenylalanine % protein 4.5 0.2 4.0 5.0 190  
Proline % protein 9.6 0.8 8.4 11.6 90  
Serine % protein 4.5 0.2 4.1 5.1 179  
Threonine % protein 2.9 0.2 2.6 3.2 200  
Tryptophan % protein 1.2 0.1 0.9 1.4 104  
Tyrosine % protein 2.7 0.3 2.1 3.3 103  
Valine % protein 4.3 0.3 3.7 4.9 195  
               
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 0.3 0.5 0.1 2.2 17  
               
Physical parameters Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Specific viscosity (AFNOR) ml/g DM 2.85 1.14 1.20 5.78 76  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 88.2 2.3 86.5 93.6 17 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 85.7 2.7 83.1 91.0 16 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 15.6         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.1 0.7 12.3 14.7 16 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 70.4         *
a (N) % 19.5 11.0 10.0 31.5 3  
b (N) % 71.8 16.7 57.0 90.0 3  
c (N) h-1 0.079 0.075 0.012 0.160 3  
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 67         *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 60 7 58 86 11 *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 87.4 1.2 85.3 89.5 33 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 15.9 0.3 15.8 16.9 43 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 15.5 0.3 15.1 15.9 4 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.1         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 83.5 2.3 80.0 88.6 28 *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 14.4 1.0 12.4 15.7 17 *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 13.8 0.4 13.3 14.6 28 *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 83.5 2.3 79.2 83.5 3 *
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 15.2 0.3 14.9 15.6 3  
Nitrogen digestibility, rabbit % 89.2 8.8 77.3 97.3 4  
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.6         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1988; AFZ, 2011; AIRFAF, 1995; AIRFAF, 1996; AIRFAF, 1997; AIRFAF, 1998; AIRFAF, 1999; AIRFAF, 1999; Al-Athari et al., 1988; Albar, 2006; Anderson et al., 1991; Aufrère et al., 1991; Aw-Yong et al., 1983; Bach Knudsen, 1997; Barnett et al., 1981; Batterham et al., 1984; Batterham et al., 1989; Batterham et al., 1990; Batterham et al., 1991; Batterham, 1979; Behnke, 1983; Bell et al., 1989; Bell et al., 1993; Bourdon et al., 1980; Bourdon et al., 1980; Bourdon et al., 1982; Bourdon et al., 1984; Bourdon et al., 1984; Bowland et al., 1984; Carré et al., 1986; Casado et al., 1993; Cave, 1988; CGIAR, 2009; Chapoutot et al., 1990; Charmeley et al., 1987; CIRAD, 1991; CIRAD, 1994; CIRAD, 2008; Coates et al., 1977; Cowan et al., 1998; Crawford et al., 1978; De Boever et al., 1984; De Boever et al., 1988; De Boever et al., 1994; de Lange et al., 1991; Dewar, 1967; Etienne, 1985; Farrell, 1978; Fekete et al., 1986; Focant et al., 1988; Friesecke, 1970; Gartner et al., 1975; Gowda et al., 2004; Green et al., 1987; Han et al., 1976; Hanczakowski et al., 1979; Harmuth-Hoene et al., 1987; Haydon et al., 1991; Heger et al., 1983; Hepburn et al., 1965; Hindrichsen et al., 2004; Huque et al., 1996; ITCF et al., 1994; ITCF, 1993; ITCF, 1993; ITCF, 1993; ITCF-ONIC, 1990; ITCF-ONIC, 1991; ITCF-ONIC, 1991; ITCF-ONIC, 1992; ITCF-ONIC, 1992; ITCF-ONIC, 1992; Jacobsen et al., 1997; Johnson et al., 1988; Jondreville et al., 1991; Jongbloed et al., 1990; Karunajeewa et al., 1984; Karunajeewa et al., 1987; Karunajeewa et al., 1987; Kendall et al., 1982; Landry et al., 1988; Lavorel et al., 1984; Lechevestrier, 1996; Leddin et al., 2010; Leeson et al., 1974; Leterme et al., 1989; Lin et al., 1987; Lund et al., 2008; Madsen et al., 1984; Maertens et al., 1985; Mancuso, 1996; Maupetit et al., 1992; May et al., 1971; McNiven et al., 1994; Métayer et al., 2001; Mondal et al., 2008; Morgan et al., 1975; Morgan et al., 1984; Mossé et al., 1985; Nadeem et al., 2005; Neumark, 1970; Noblet et al., 1989; Noblet et al., 1997; Noblet et al., 2000; Nuez-Ortin et al., 2009; Parigi-Bini et al., 1991; Perez et al., 1984; Perez et al., 1986; Perez, 1989; Pierce et al., 1977; Piron et al., 2005; Qiao ShiYan et al., 2004; Schang et al., 1982; Sequeira et al., 2000; Sève et al., 1993; Shi et al., 1993; Sibbald, 1979; Sibbald, 1979; Skiba et al., 1999; Skiba et al., 2000; Skiba et al., 2002; Skiba et al., 2002; Skiba et al., 2003; Skiba et al., 2007; Smolders et al., 1990; Sosulki et al., 1990; Steen, 1993; Storey et al., 1982; Susmel et al., 1989; Taverner et al., 1975; Taverner et al., 1981; Taverner et al., 1983; Umucalilar et al., 2002; Van Cauwenberghe et al., 1996; Vermorel, 1973; Vervaeke et al., 1989; Vilariño et al., 2005; Visitpanich et al., 1985; Wainman et al., 1979; Waldron et al., 1993; Waters et al., 1992; Weisbjerg et al., 1996; Wolter et al., 1982; Yamazaki et al., 1986; Zijljstra et al., 1999

Last updated on 21/02/2013 17:46:13

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