Animal feed resources information system


Search for resources: feed and plant databases, books, organisations and networks,

Métodos de pesquisa em nutrição de monogástricos

Métodos de pesquisa em nutrição de monogástricos

This book presents the concepts and experimental protocols used in monogastric nutrition research to determine the nutritional values and requirements for energy, protein, amino acids, minerals, and vitamins.

November 8, 2017

Biology and management of invasive apple snails

This newly published book on Biology and Management of Invasive Apple Snails provides updated information on Apple snails invasive status and on the ways to control them. The book includes a chapter on the use of invasive apple snails as feeds for farm animals written by Gilles Tran and Valérie Heuzé (Feedipedia team leaders). Free Download.

October 30, 2017
Ileal digestible amino acid values in feedstuffs for poultry

Ileal digestible amino acid values in feedstuffs for poultry

This RIRDC publication will be a useful resource for the poultry industry, especially nutritionists and those engaged in poultry protein and amino acid research as differences in amino acid digestibility can be effectively used to improve the precision of feed formulation.

October 3, 2017

Utilization of fruit and vegetable wastes as animal feed

These set of four videos describe processes to utilize baby corn byproducts and wastes, empty pea pods, kinnow waste and tomato pomace as livestock feed. Impact of their feeding on livestock productivity has also been illustrated.

Utilization of baby corn by-products as livestock feed

Utilization of kinnow (mandarin) waste as livestock feed 

Use of empty pea pods

Utilization of tomato pomace as livestock feed


July 17, 2017

FeedAccess: a software designed to optimize formulas at least cost for poultry, pigs and aquaculture species

FeedAccess provides a free formulation tool and access to an important raw material database and most common animal feed formulas used in livestock farming. FeedAccess is designed for layers, broilers, pigs and sows diets.

June 30, 2017

Animal Nutrition in FAO and Sustainable Development Goals

This document shows how animal nutrition can help achieving the 17 sustainable development goals in UNFAO Members States.

April 19, 2017

Livestock and climate change

This document is a compendium of FAO's work on climate change. It summarizes impacts of climate change on livestock and livestock smallholders and provides a wealth of information on the roles of livestock in climate change.

April 19, 2017

Comprehensive EU protein balance sheet

This document is the first comprehensive EU protein balance sheet. The sheet is an overview of total EU production, consumption and trade of all marketable sources of proteins used in animal feed production.The balance sheet shows the total protein needs in the EU, with EU production of cereals and oilseeds.
April 13, 2017

FAO Publications Catalogue 2017

This catalogue lists 485 books and brochures, it highlights not only the most recent publications, but also those that have become reference points in their respective fields.

April 10, 2017

CAM crops for a hotter and drier world: book of abstracts and symposium program

This book of abstracts presents an overview of recent developments in the use of CAM plants in drier conditions. It is divided into 7 sections:

  • Genetic resources and breeding of Opuntia
  • CAM plants as a source of forage and energy
  • Towards a hotter and drier world: ecophysological adaptations of Opuntia and new CAM crops
  • Fruit production: orchard and fruit management
  • Agro-industrial uses of CAM crops
  • Pharmaceutical uses of CAM-crops and Cochineal
  • Rural development and marketing
April 6, 2017

Mulberry, moringa and tithonia in animal feed, and other uses. Results in Latin America and the Caribbean

This document collates available information on foliage production and use in different animal production systems in Latin American and the Caribbean countries and make it available to other areas for possible application. This document also presents industrial, food and pharmaceutical applications of different products from the three plants. It is expected that this document will promote wider use of the foliage from these plants as animal feed worldwide.
March 21, 2017

FAO Ration tool for dairy cows - FAO : Outil de rationnement pour vaches laitières - FAO : Herramienta de racionamiento para vacas lecheras

This FAO Ration Formulation Tool (downloadable below) will assist you in preparing the least cost ration for milking cows using locally available resources. It has been specifically designed for techinicians looking for a simple and easy to use formulation tool.

Meeting the nutrient requirements of dairy animals using a balanced diet is vital for enhancing animal production, health and welfare, and farm profitability; and for reducing adverse effects of livestock rearing to the environment.

Here we present the Software, Manuals, a presentation that will take you through the Software step-by-step, and a training webinar in three languages; English, French and Spanish. We suggest you to open slideshow first, then view and listen to the webinar at http://fao.adobeconnect.com/p1j0yeau91s and then open Administrator manual and User manual if things are unclear.

Cet outil de rationnement de la FAO pour les vaches laitières (téléchargeable ci-dessous) vous aidera à concevoir les rations les moins coûteuses avec les ressources disponibles localement. Il a été spécialement conçu pour des techniciens qui recherchent un outil de formulation simple et facile à utiliser.

Répondre aux besoins nutritionnels des vaches laitières grâce à une alimentation équilibrée est vital pour améliorer la production animale, la santé et le bien-être, ainsi que  la rentabilité des exploitations. Une ration équilibrée réduit également les effets néfastes de l'élevage sur l'environnement.

Nous présentons ici l'outil logiciel et ses manuels qui vous guideront étape par étape dans l'utilisation du logiciel. Vous trouverez également le diaporama du webinaire de formation dispensé en trois langues; Anglais, Français et Espagnol. Nous vous suggérons de commencer par ouvrir le diaporama puis de vous connecter à http://fao.adobeconnect.com/p8d0wwwoo5j/ pour voir le webinaire. Enfin vous pourrez ouvrir le manuel de l'administrateur ou de l'utilisateur en cas de problème.

Esta herramienta de racionamiento de la FAO para las vacas lecheras (descargar a continuación) le ayudará a diseñar la ración menor costo con los recursos disponibles a nivel local.

La satisfaccion de los requerimientos nutricionales de las vacas lecheras a través de una dieta equilibrada es vital para mejorar la producción animal, la salud y el bienestar, así como la rentabilidad de las granjas. Una dieta equilibrada también reduce los efectos negativos de la ganadería sobre el medio ambiente.

Aquí presentamos el Software y los manuales que le guiarán paso a paso en el uso del software. Tambien encontraran un webinar de capacitación en tres idiomas; Inglés, Francés y Español. Se ha diseñado específicamente para técnicos que buscan una herramienta de racionamiento simple y fácil de usar. Sugerimos que comience abriendo la tapa y luego se conecta a http://fao.adobeconnect.com/p529zzxlksg/. Por último, puede abrir el manual del administrador o usuario en caso de problemas.

March 16, 2017

The future of food and agriculture – Trends and challenges

This book presents the results of 2017 FAO's assessment of main trends and challenges for the future of food and agriculture. It contributes to a common understanding of the major long-term trends and challenges that will determine the future of food security and nutrition, rural poverty, the efficiency of food systems, and the sustainability and resilience of rural livelihoods, agricultural systems and their natural resource base. It is aimed at mobilizing concrete and concerted actions that will contribute to both 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

March 10, 2017

Blueprints for tropical dairy farming : Increasing Domestic Milk Production in Developing Countries 

This recently published manual covers a wide range of topics primarily related to ensuring the sustainability of dairy production systems in tropical developing countries.  This book is written for all the stakeholders in dairy production systems in the tropics, with an emphasis on South and East Asian countries.  However they are equally relevant to tropical dairy
industries in Africa and Central America. In addition, it provides guidelines for the Best Management Practices (BMP) of large scale, more intensive dairy systems.  While small holders are the major suppliers of milk in the tropics, numerous larger farms are becoming established throughout the tropics to satisfy the increasing local demands for fresh milk.  Both types of farmers and their advisers will gain much from this manual and improve the productivity, welfare and milk quality from their dairy herds.  Policy makers and senior management should also benefit from reading selected chapters.

Accessing each chapter for free

Each chapter has been written as a “stand alone” document, which can be individually downloaded from the Internet.  For this reason, there may be some degree of repetition between chapters but this has been kept to a minimum.

Each chapter of this manual can be downloaded for free from http://www.publish.csiro.au/ebook/8891

February 17, 2017

State-of-the-art on detoxification of Jatropha curcas products aimed for use as animal and fish feed: A review article

Recently contributed by Harinder Makkar, this article deals with processes that can be applied to jatropha products to decrease phorbol esters toxicity and promote tehir use as animal feeds. It highlights the need for animal feeding studies in order to prove efficiency of detoxification.

The following link will provide free access to the above article, and is valid until December 11, 2016.


After this date, the full article can be requested from the author.

October 24, 2016
Proficiency testing of feed constituents

Proficiency testing of feed constituents: a comparative evaluation of european and developing country laboratories and its implications for animal production

A new article by Makkar et al., 2016 providing results from a 2-year (2014-2015) worldwide survey on comparative evaluation of European and developing country laboratories for proficiency testing of feed constituents. The following link will provide free access to the above article to first 50 clicks http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b02452. Should you are not one of the first 50 users of the above link, you may request the full article from the author.

October 23, 2016

Sustainable grassland and pasture management in Asia

This volume is based on the discussions of the Regional Consultation on the Sustainable Grassland and Pasture Management in Asia, held at Lanzhou University, Lanzhou in November 2015. The consultation was organized jointly by - FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Animal Production and Health Division (AGA) of FAO, the Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia and the Pacific (APHCA), Global Agenda for Sustainable Livestock (GASL) and Lanzhou University. 

August 17, 2016

Techfit feed technology prioritization tool

TechFit is a tool to advise smallholder livestock keepers on feed technologies. TechFit is a simple, practical discussion tool that non-experts can use to inform the selection of the most appropriate technologies in specific locations and contexts.  Techfit encompasses a series of "Techsheets", extension material which provides summarized information on the situations where the feeding technology is best suited.


August 3, 2016

CactusNet Regional Meetings: An international cactus pear workshop on the Development of a cactus pear agro‐industry for the sub‐Sahara Africa region

The CactusNet Regional Meetings' page encompasses links to the proceedings and slides presented during the international cactus pear workshop on the development of a cactus pear agro‐industry for the sub‐Sahara Africa region.

May 9, 2016

Feeding dairy cattle in the Tropics: a manual for trainers and practitioners

This document provides information and tools for trainers and practitioners working with smallholders dairy farmers in tropical Asia. It gives clear explanations on dairy cows digestive system and their needs. The document provides many examples of feeds and diets that can be successfully fed to enhance milk production. Feeding of new born calves and heifers is also considered in the document.

April 6, 2016

Insects for food and feed

This FAO website aims at providing information (articles, books, proceedings, and videos) on the use and rearing of insects for food and feeds. It gathers information from different initiatives in the world and provides legal updates related to the use of insects. 

March 30, 2016


GLEAM-i (Global Livestock Environmental Assessment Model-interactive) is a new, user-friendly tool developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) for estimating greenhouse gas emissions in the livestock sector. The GLEAM-i tool can be downloaded from the following address, http://www.fao.org/gleam/resources/en/. The user guide is downloadable below

March 23, 2016

FAO's Feed and Feeding for Farmer's (3F) video competition for young researchers from developing countries: a selection of 11 videos

In 2014, FAO invited PhD students and young researchers from developing countries working in the area of animal nutrition to participate in a video competition to share information on promising animal nutrition technologies or interventions that will contribute to improved feeding of livestock. Discover 11 selected videos from the competition below:

March 4, 2016

Greenhouse gas emissions from pig and chicken supply chains: A global life cycle assessment

This report presents results from an assessment carried out to improve the understanding of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions along livestock supply chains. It provides a detailed analysis of emissions according to region, sector and systems of production.

February 9, 2016

Grass strips against soil erosion

This farmer-to-farmer video, developed through funding by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) by CIAT and Agro-Insight, explains in a clear and simple way the agricultural technique to plant grass strips on sloping land to prevent soil erosion. The videos are prepared to deepen farmer’s understanding of the technical aspects of improved soil management, and at the same time, to prompt discussion within the local context.

February 3, 2016

Climate change and food security: risks and responses

This document provides an overview of the cascading impacts of climate change on food security and nutrition, from physical impacts on agro-ecosystems to livelihoods and food security.

January 19, 2016

Seaweeds for livestock diets: A review

This document is the result of the Feedipedia team's review on the use of seaweeds in livestock feeding. It provides information on nutritive value and gives some feeding recommendations for each class of farm animals. This paper is freely downloadable till March, 6th at http://authors.elsevier.com/a/1SOBs1LwJ1shUo

January 19, 2016

Risk profile related to production and consumption of insects as food and feed

This document presents the conclusions of the EFSA Panel of experts on contaminants after the assessment of the risks regarding potential biological and chemical hazards as well as allergenicity and environmental hazards associated with the use of farmed insects as food and feed.

January 11, 2016

Risks for human and animal health related to the presence of phorbol esters in Jatropha kernel meal

This document presents the conclusions of the EFSA Panel of experts on contaminants after the assessment of the risks for human and animal health related to the presence of phorbol esters (PEs) in jatropha kernel meal.

January 6, 2016
Taguchi et Makkar, 2015

Issues and options for crop-livestock integration in peri-urban settings

This paper deals with how crop-livestock integration in peri-urban settings can improve animal productions and help increasing nutrients recycling. Environmental issues due to livestock and need for environmental policy are pointed out.


December 11, 2015

A shift in global perspective institutionalizing farmer field school

The Farmers Field Schools approach has been very successful and witnessed a strong expansion in many areas.  However, the adoption of FFS in national extension often remains problematic. This paper aims to analyse opportunities, challenges and implications of institutionalizing FFS at the national level.

December 4, 2015

Ten lessons from biotechnology experiences in crops, livestock and fish for smallholders in developing countries

August 24, 2015
Dubeux, 2011. Use of cactus for livestock feeding

Use of cactus for livestock feeding

This document presents some information on cactus production and utilization based on the Brazilian experience. It includes videos that can also be watched on Feedipedia's YouTube channel.

May 9, 2015
Tran et al., 2015. Animal Frontiers, 5 (2): 37-44

Insects in fish diets

This new Feedipedia paper presents the rearing, composition, nutritional value and use of insects such as black soldier fly larvae, housefly maggots, mealworms, locusts and silkworms as a replacement of soybean meal and fish meal in the diet of fish.

April 8, 2015
Moran et al., 2015. CSIRO Publishing

Cow talk : Understanding dairy cow behaviour to improve their welfare on Asian farms

The aim of this manual is to improve the welfare of dairy cattle in tropical developing countries, and by doing so, optimise cow and herd performance. It gives the stockmen and farmers directly concerned with the cattle a better understanding of animal behaviour and the ways cattle communicate their comfort or distress.

April 8, 2015
FAO Assistance towards feed analysis increasing incomes, improving food safety and safeguarding the environment

FAO Assistance towards feed analysis increasing incomes, improving food safety and safeguarding the environment 

This document presents the assistance provided by FAO for enhancing feed analysis and thus improving feed quality, animal production profitability and food safety. 

March 2, 2015
FAO, 2013. FAO, Rome, Italy

Climate-smart agriculture sourcebook

The purpose of the sourcebook is to further elaborate the concept of CSA and demonstrate its potential, as well as limitations. It aims to help decision makers at a number of levels (including political administrators and natural resource managers) to understand the different options that are available for planning, policies and investments and the practices that are suitable for making different agricultural sectors, landscapes and food systems more climate-smart. This sourcebook is a reference tool for planners, practitioners and policy makers working in agriculture, forestry and fisheries at national and subnational levels.

February 23, 2015
CIPAV, 2014. Cali, Colombia

CIPAV - Centre for Research on Sustainable Agriculture

The Centre for Research on Sustainable Agriculture is a NGO whose mission is to contribute to the sustainable development of the rural sector through research, development and outreach of environmentally friendly farming alternatives. It works in partnership with numerous groups, research centers, scientific and international cooperation institutions, rural communities and businesses that promote sustainable rural development in Colombia and in several countries of Latin America, Asia, Africa, Europe and North America.

January 5, 2015
ILRI, 2014. ILRI Research Brief

Growing food and feed with less environmental  impact: A dual-crop impact narrative

This document presents the progress made by ILRI and its partners in developing highly productive dual purpose crops.

December 11, 2014
Makkar et al., 2014. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 198: 309-322

Towards sustainable animal diets: a survey-based study

This survey conducted by FAO establishes a direction for positive change for enhancing sustainability of livestock systems, prioritizes various elements of the concept, proposes sectors that should take initiative for implementation of the concept and identified modalities to put the concept into practice. Available on ResearchGate.

November 17, 2014
IARI, 2014. Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi

KrishiKosh (कृषिकोष ) An Institutional Repository of Indian National Agricultural Research System

November 13, 2014
Western Australian Herbarium, 2014. Department of Parks and Wildlife

FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora

FloraBase provides botanical information on all Western Australian vascular plant families, genera and species as well as identification tools, photos, maps, and the collecting details of over 751,805 vouchered herbarium specimens from across the State. 

October 28, 2014
Makkar et al., 2014. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 197: 1-33

State-of-the-art on use of insects as animal feed

This Feedipedia paper (available on ResearchGate) is a review of current scientific knowledge related to the rearing, composition, nutritional value and use of insects such as black soldier fly larvae, housefly maggots, mealworms, locusts and silkworms as a replacement of soybean meal and fish meal in the diets of poultry, pigs, cattle and fish. 

October 1, 2014
ARChE_Net, 2014. Arche_net

Regional network of expertise on dynamic adaptative systems ruminant to a changing world

The ARChE_Net project is a multi-partner regional project funded by the Reunion Regional Council, the EU and the French Government. It aims to define regional strategies to manage the ruminant production systems’ adaptation to agro-ecological and socio-economic changes thanks to the implementation of innovative monitoring tools and to the reinforcement of skills exchange within the Indian Ocean. The countries part of the network are: Australia, India, Madagascar, Mozambique, Republic of Comoros, Reunion Island (France) and South Africa.

September 26, 2014
TECA, 2014. Teca, FAO, Rome, Italy

TECA: Technologies and practices for small agricultural producers

TECA stands for Technologies and Practices for small agricultural producers and is composed of (1) the Knowledge Base of technologies and practices for small agricultural producers and (2) the Exchange Groups, which are online discussion fora where practitioners can exchange knowledge and experiences on specific topics related to smallholder agriculture. 

September 19, 2014
Laswai et al., 2013. ASARECA (Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa), Entebe, Uganda

Chemical and nutritional values of feed resources for ruminants: Eastern and Central Africa feedstuff table for ruminants 2013

This feed table summarizes available information on chemical composition, digestibility and energy values of locally available feed-stuff resources in Eastern and Central Africa. It acts as a guide to proper feeding of animals and is therefore very useful to livestock advisors and progressive farmers.

September 3, 2014
FAO et al., 2014. FAO, International Dairy Federation, IFCN Dairy Research Network

World mapping of animal feeding systems in the dairy sector

This book is the result of three surveys held by FAO, IFCN and IDF. It provides information on 47 feeding schemes for dairy animals (cattle, sheep, goats and buffaloes) and on feeding baskets used in more than 40 different countries with a special focus on the relative part of roughage vs. concentrate in the diets.

August 26, 2014
JECFA, 2014. FAO Jecfa Monographs N°15, FAO/WHO

Residue evaluation of certain veterinary drugs

This document contains monographs on residue evaluations of certain veterinary drugs, prepared at the seventy-eight meeting of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), which was held in Geneva, Switzerland, from 5 to 14 November 2013. The monographs provide information on chemical identity and properties of the compounds, pharmacokinetics and metabolism, residue depletion studies and analytical methods validated and used for the detection and quantification of the compounds. The monograph also has a relevance for feed analysts.

August 26, 2014
Babafunso Sonaiya et al., 2004. FAO Anim. Health Manual, 1. FAO, Rome

Small-scale poultry production: Technical guide

This technical guide provides information on husbandry, feed resources and breed improvement for poultry small-holders. Marketing and economics of small-scale poultry production are also considered.

July 8, 2014
FAO, 2014. FAO, Rome, Italy

FAO success stories on climate-smart agriculture

This booklet provides examples of climate-smart systems by showcasing some FAO success stories in various countries.
June 20, 2014