Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Palm kernel meal, mechanical extraction

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 91.2 1.4 87.2 95.0 1268  
Crude protein % DM 16.7 0.9 13.5 19.4 1114  
Crude fibre % DM 19.8 2.5 14.0 27.7 1097  
NDF % DM 73.0 4.3 58.3 77.7 98 *
ADF % DM 44.8 3.3 34.2 51.0 91 *
Lignin % DM 13.4 2.0 9.5 17.8 112  
Ether extract % DM 9.2 1.5 6.2 15.4 983  
Ash % DM 4.7 0.6 3.6 6.0 632  
Total sugars % DM 2.4 0.5 1.7 3.1 12  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 20.1 1.5 18.3 23.8 30 *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 2.8 0.6 1.9 4.2 73  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 6.0 0.7 4.2 7.4 77  
Potassium g/kg DM 6.5 1.3 3.3 9.2 25  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.2 0.3 0.0 1.2 13  
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.1 0.5 2.1 3.9 25  
Manganese mg/kg DM 181 81 24 313 13  
Zinc mg/kg DM 68 105 3 413 13  
Copper mg/kg DM 28 9 2 42 16  
Iron mg/kg DM 589 208 356 755 3  
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Alanine % protein 4.0 0.3 3.4 4.5 16  
Arginine % protein 12.7 3.0 7.8 16.8 17  
Aspartic acid % protein 7.7 1.4 4.5 9.2 16  
Cystine % protein 1.2 0.3 0.7 1.9 18  
Glutamic acid % protein 18.6 1.5 15.7 21.3 16  
Glycine % protein 4.5 0.4 3.9 5.3 17  
Histidine % protein 2.1 0.7 1.2 3.5 17  
Isoleucine % protein 3.5 0.4 2.9 4.2 17  
Leucine % protein 6.2 0.5 5.3 7.2 17  
Lysine % protein 2.9 0.6 2.0 3.8 19  
Methionine % protein 1.8 0.4 1.0 2.7 19  
Phenylalanine % protein 3.9 0.3 3.4 4.6 17  
Proline % protein 3.1 0.3 2.6 3.4 11  
Serine % protein 4.3 0.6 3.3 5.0 16  
Threonine % protein 3.1 0.4 2.6 3.5 17  
Tryptophan % protein 0.7 0.0 0.7 0.7 3  
Tyrosine % protein 2.5 0.4 2.0 3.0 12  
Valine % protein 5.0 0.5 4.3 6.1 17  
               
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 4.5   4.0 5.0 2  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 71.6 7.9 62.2 78.6 5 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 71.2 7.3 62.6 78.3 5 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 14.3 1.2 12.9 15.5 5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 11.6 1.1 10.5 13.0 5 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 73.3 5.1 70.3 84.9 6 *
a (N) % 13.8   11.9 15.7 2  
b (N) % 63.1   62.3 63.9 2  
c (N) h-1 0.029   0.025 0.032 2  
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 40 9 27 59 11  
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 42.0 3.3 42.0 67.3 3 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 8.4 2.0 8.4 14.1 4 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 7.8 0.8 7.8 13.5 3 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 5.4         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 63.1 6.4 48.0 63.1 3 *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 11.1   10.9 11.3 2  

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

ADAS, 1987; ADAS, 1988; Adewolu et al., 2010; AFZ, 2011; Agunbiade et al., 1999; Anderson et al., 1991; Bach Knudsen, 1997; CIRAD, 1991; CIRAD, 1994; CIRAD, 2008; De Boever et al., 1988; De Boever et al., 1994; De Vuyst et al., 1963; Devendra, 1979; Dewar, 1967; Grillet, 1992; Hindle et al., 1995; Laining et al., 2004; Lechevestrier, 1996; Lekule et al., 1990; Madsen et al., 1984; Maupetit et al., 1992; Nehring et al., 1963; Nwokolo et al., 1976; Oluyemi et al., 1976; Onwudike, 1986; Onwuka et al., 1997; Owusu-Domfeh et al., 1970; Oyenuga, 1968; Panigrahi et al., 1991; Parigi-Bini et al., 1991; Pimpa et al., 2009; Pozy et al., 1996; Promkot et al., 2003; Ravindran et al., 1986a; Smolders et al., 1990; Tamminga et al., 1990; Weisbjerg et al., 1996; Woodman, 1945

Last updated on 13/02/2014 16:34:51

Datasheet 
Table status 
Finished
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