Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Fonio (Digitaria exilis) grain, dehulled

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 91.2 3.5 85.3 96.2 7  
Crude protein % DM 7.5 0.7 6.2 8.5 8  
Crude fibre % DM 0.7 0.4 0.4 1.5 8  
Ether extract % DM 1.8 0.9 0.3 3.2 8  
Ash % DM 2 1.2 0.3 4 9  
Insoluble ash % DM 2.2       1  
Neutral detergent fibre % DM 8.4       1 *
Acid detergent fibre % DM 1.2       1 *
Lignin % DM 0.7       1 *
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 86.5       1  
Total sugars % DM 0.2       1  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.8   16.8 19.4 3 *
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Lysine g/16g N 2.5       1  
Threonine g/16g N 3.7       1  
Methionine g/16g N 5.6       1  
Cystine g/16g N 2.6       1  
Methionine+cystine g/16g N 8.2         *
Tryptophan g/16g N 1.4       1  
Isoleucine g/16g N 4.2       1  
Valine g/16g N 5.4       1  
Leucine g/16g N 9.9       1  
Phenylalanine g/16g N 5.8       1  
Tyrosine g/16g N 2.9       1  
Phenylalanine+tyrosine g/16g N 8.8         *
Histidine g/16g N 2.2       1  
Arginine g/16g N 3.6       1  
Alanine g/16g N 9       1  
Aspartic acid g/16g N 6.7       1  
Glutamic acid g/16g N 21.2       1  
Glycine g/16g N 3       1  
Serine g/16g N 5.3       1  
Proline g/16g N 6       1  
               
Fatty acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Myristic acid C14:0 % fatty acids 0.1       1  
Palmitic acid C16:0 % fatty acids 15.4       1  
Palmitoleic acid C16:1 % fatty acids 0.3       1  
Stearic acid C18:0 % fatty acids 3.2       1  
Oleic acid C18:1 % fatty acids 31.3       1  
Linoleic acid C18:2 % fatty acids 47       1  
Linolenic acid C18:3 % fatty acids 1.1       1  
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 0.2 0.07 0.08 0.3 6  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 1.6   0.9 2.5 4  
Magnesium g/kg DM 0.9   0.7 1.3 4  
Potassium g/kg DM 1.2 1 0.06 2.6 6  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.16   0.06 0.3 4  
Sulfur g/kg DM 1.6       1  
Manganese mg/kg DM 29   24 33 2  
Zinc mg/kg DM 27   7 42 4  
Copper mg/kg DM 4 50 2 177 15  
Iron mg/kg DM 76   12 134 4  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.7         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 90.6         *
OM digestibility, ruminants % 93.8         *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 68.2         *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.8         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.4         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 13.3         *
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 94.1         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 88.1         *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 15.6         *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 15.5         *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 15.5         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; CIRAD, 2008; Dastu et al., 2018; Fliedel et al., 2004; Irving et al., 1997; Jideani et al., 1993; Oyenuga, 1968; Sadiq et al., 2015; Temple et al., 1991

Last updated on 26/07/2019 23:13:10

Table status 
Finished
Table order 
2
0