Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Palm kernel meal, solvent extraction

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 90.9 1.6 87.8 93.2 70  
Crude protein % DM 18.7 1.1 16.3 20.5 73  
Crude fibre % DM 20.2 2.5 15.6 24.9 65  
NDF % DM 73.2 4.3 67.6 81.7 14 *
ADF % DM 45.0 5.3 40.2 55.8 14 *
Lignin % DM 12.8 2.1 10.5 17.5 17  
Ether extract % DM 2.8 1.2 1.1 5.1 36  
Ether extract, HCl hydrolysis % DM 4.2 1.1 2.2 5.6 37  
Ash % DM 4.6 0.4 3.9 5.5 61  
Total sugars % DM 3.0       1  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.8 1.8 15.4 21.5 12 *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 2.7 0.4 2.0 3.1 8  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 6.6 2.2 1.3 8.5 8  
Potassium g/kg DM 7.4 0.6 6.9 8.1 4  
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.4 0.4 3.1 3.9 4  
Manganese mg/kg DM 249       1  
Zinc mg/kg DM 52       1  
Copper mg/kg DM 31       1  
Iron mg/kg DM 177       1  
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Alanine % protein 4.2   4.0 4.4 2  
Arginine % protein 12.6   12.3 12.9 2  
Aspartic acid % protein 8.9   8.5 9.2 2  
Cystine % protein 1.4   1.2 1.6 2  
Glutamic acid % protein 18.8   17.9 19.8 2  
Glycine % protein 4.7   4.5 4.9 2  
Histidine % protein 2.2   2.0 2.4 2  
Isoleucine % protein 3.7   3.4 4.1 2  
Leucine % protein 6.5   6.4 6.6 2  
Lysine % protein 3.2   3.1 3.2 2  
Methionine % protein 1.7   1.5 2.0 2  
Phenylalanine % protein 4.2   4.1 4.3 2  
Proline % protein 3.0   3.0 3.0 2  
Serine % protein 4.4       1  
Threonine % protein 3.3   3.2 3.5 2  
Valine % protein 5.4   4.9 5.9 2  
               
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 0.1       1  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 71.4 2.2 63.8 71.4 3 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 70.4   62.0 70.4 2 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.3   12.1 13.3 2 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.7         *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 74.2   41.5 74.2 2 *
a (N) % 15.7       1  
b (N) % 82.5       1  
c (N) h-1 0.020       1  
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 43         *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 36   36 57 2 *
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 41.6         *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 7.8         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 7.3         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 5.0         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 64.7         *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 10.1       1  

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Abu Hassan et al., 1996; AFZ, 2011; Carvalho et al., 2006; CIRAD, 1991; Devendra, 1979; Grillet, 1992; Hindle et al., 1995; Kawamoto et al., 2001; Kuan et al., 1982; Lechevestrier, 1996; Nehring et al., 1963; Nwokolo, 1986; Owusu-Domfeh et al., 1970; Shibata et al., 1988; Vadiveloo et al., 1992; Woods et al., 1999; Woods et al., 2003

Last updated on 13/02/2014 13:16:15

Datasheet 
Table status 
Finished
Table order 
2
910