Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), aerial part, fresh

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 17.9 5.9 8.6 41.0 1036  
Crude protein % DM 9.7 4.3 2.8 22.7 2209  
Crude fibre % DM 36.1 3.9 25.5 43.2 1091 *
NDF % DM 71.5 7.1 54.1 79.9 433 *
ADF % DM 42.5 6.4 29.5 52.9 377 *
Lignin % DM 5.7 1.5 2.7 9.1 365 *
Ether extract % DM 2.0 0.6 1.0 3.8 1022  
Ash % DM 13.8 4.8 3.9 25.1 2200  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.4 1.1 16.0 18.9 5 *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 3.6 1.3 1.4 7.6 1160  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.9 1.2 0.7 6.6 1762  
Potassium g/kg DM 29.0 13.9 4.9 68.0 1207  
Sodium g/kg DM 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.8 89  
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.0 1.1 1.3 6.2 1031  
Manganese mg/kg DM 91 56 19 238 38  
Zinc mg/kg DM 45 26 20 129 45  
Copper mg/kg DM 11 4 5 24 55  
Iron mg/kg DM 413 323 82 1175 21  
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Arginine % protein 2.5   2.1 3.0 2  
Cystine % protein 0.2       1  
Histidine % protein 1.6   1.4 1.9 2  
Isoleucine % protein 3.9   3.1 4.7 2  
Leucine % protein 5.7   5.2 6.2 2  
Lysine % protein 3.1   3.1 3.1 2  
Methionine % protein 1.4       1  
Phenylalanine % protein 3.6       1  
Threonine % protein 3.6   3.5 3.8 2  
Tryptophan % protein 0.6       1  
Tyrosine % protein 4.9       1  
Valine % protein 5.1   4.4 5.9 2  
               
Secondary metabolites Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Tannins (eq. tannic acid) g/kg DM 22.2       1  
Tannins, condensed (eq. catechin) g/kg DM 12.4   3.0 21.8 2  
               
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 61.4 3.8 55.4 70.6 30 *
OM digestibility, ruminants (gas production) % 67       1  
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 58.7   56.9 72.5 2 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.2         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.2         *
ME ruminants (gas production) MJ/kg DM 8.2 1.1 6.4 9.2 5  
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 57.3 11.9 33.0 73.0 34  
c (N) h-1 0.012       1  

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Abdulrazak et al., 1996; Abou-Ashour et al., 1984; AFZ, 2011; Aguiar et al., 2006; Ajayi et al., 2011; Aka et al., 2004; Alibes et al., 1990; Aumont et al., 1991; Axtmayer et al., 1940; Babayemi, 2007; Bartha, 1970; Bayble et al., 2007; Butterworth, 1963; Butterworth, 1965; Calles et al., 1982; Carvalho Junior et al., 2009; CGIAR, 2009; CIRAD, 1991; Clipes et al., 2006; Demeterova et al., 1991; Dixon, 1986; Dongmeza et al., 2009; Elliott, 1956; Evitayani et al., 2004; Evitayani et al., 2004; French, 1943; Garcia et al., 2008; González-García et al., 2008; Gowda et al., 2004; Hassan et al., 1979; Hassoun, 2009; Holm, 1971; Holm, 1971; Iyeghe-Erakpotobor et al., 2008; Juma et al., 2006; Kaitho et al., 1998; Kambashi et al., 2014; Khanum et al., 2007; Komwihangilo et al., 2007; Kumar et al., 2012; Lacerda et al., 2004; Lanyasunya et al., 2006; Lim Han Kuo, 1967; Lin et al., 1988; ListaI et al., 2008; Mahyuddin et al., 1988; Marshall et al., 1963; Mecha et al., 1980; Mendieta-Araica et al., 2009; Mendieta-Araica et al., 2011; Mendieta-Araica et al., 2011; Mlay et al., 2006; Mtui et al., 2006; Nasrullah et al., 2003; Ngo Van Man et al., 2003; Niang et al., 1998; Njwe et al., 1990; Nordfeldt et al., 1952; Olubajo et al., 1974; Osuga et al., 2006; Palafox et al., 1961; Palieraqui et al., 2006; Pozy et al., 1996; Ribeiro Filho et al., 2000; Richard et al., 1989; Sarwatt et al., 2004; Shem et al., 1999; Shibata et al., 1988; Teguia et al., 1999; Telford et al., 1947; Tisserand et al., 1989; Tuah et al., 1974; Van Eys et al., 1986; Van Eys et al., 1987; Vicente Chandler et al., 1974; Warly et al., 2006; Xandé et al., 1989

Last updated on 22/01/2015 17:40:13

Table status 
Finished
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