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Keoboualapheth et al., 2003. Livest. Res. Rur. Dev., 15 (9)

Document reference 
Keoboualapheth, C. ; Mikled, C., 2003. Growth performance of indigenous pigs fed with Stylosanthes guianensis CIAT 184 as replacement for rice bran. Livest. Res. Rur. Dev., 15 (9)
Abstract 

An experiment was carried out with two objectives: (a) to determine the optimum amount of Stylo 184 as replacement for rice bran in diets for Laosian indigenous pigs; (b) to study the effects of Stylo 184 on intake and growth performance of indigenous pigs. Sixteen indigenous pigs of 12±1.63 kg and 3 months of age from the upland area were used in the experiment. The experimental design was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 4 replications. The dietary treatments were: S0: 50% maize + 50% rice bran + 0% Stylo 184; S10: 50% maize + 40% rice bran + 10% Stylo 184 fed separately; S20: 50% maize + 30% rice bran + 20% Stylo 184 fed separately, S30: 50% maize + 20% rice bran + 30% Stylo 184 fed separately.  Total DM intakes were 942, 1224, 1221 and 1309 g/day for S0, S10, S20 and S30,  respectively, while DM intakes of Stylo 184  were 49.2 g (4.1% of diet DM), 76.5 g (6.3% of diet DM) and 82.7 g (6.4% of diet DM) for S10, S20 and S30,  respectively. The average daily live weight gains were 154, 221, 245 and 320 g for S10, S20 and S30,  respectively. DM conversion rates were: 6.25, 5.50, 5.00 and 4.00. It is concluded that Laotian indigenous pigs over the live weight range of 10 to 40 kg can consume Stylo 184 foliage at up to 6.4% of the diet DM without any negative effects on health and with superior growth performance and a higher profit for the farmers.

Citation key 
Keoboualapheth et al., 2003