Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Voqui colorado (Cissus striata)

Datasheet

Description
Click on the "Nutritional aspects" tab for recommendations for ruminants, pigs, poultry, rabbits, horses, fish and crustaceans
Common names 

Colli voqui, cuduñ-foqui, enredadera, parrilla, quineu, voqui arrastrado, voqui colorado, voqui negro, mahul, pilpilvoqui, voqui rojo, voqui, voque, voque negro, zarzaparrilla [Chilean Spanish] (Meza et al., 1991; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955)

Synonyms 

Clematicissus striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lombardi

Taxonomic information 

The new taxon Clematicissus striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lombardi has been proposed in 2015 for Cissus striata. Not only the molecular and morphological characters of Cissus striata are markedly different from other Cissus species, but there is a close relation between this species and the Australian genus Clematicissus. This change also contributes to the homogeneization of the Vitaceae family (Lombardi, 2015).

Related feed(s) 
Description 

The voqui colorado (Cissus striata Ruiz & Par. or Clematicissus striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lombardi) is a small-leaved evergreen vine with creeping or climbing habit. It was part of the human diet in precolombian times and it was still collected in the forest in the years following the arrival of the Europeans (Silva et al., 2019).

The stems of Cissus striata are long (up to 5 m) and fibrous. The leaves are petiolated (1.3-3.5 cm long) and palmately compound. The leaflets are oblong, cuneate at the base and acute at the apex. The inflorescence is a bunch of greenish small flowers. The fruits are bunches of berries, about 5-6 mm, purple when immature and dark blue or black when mature (Alarcon et al., 2020; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955; Blendinger et al., 2016). The stems serve as a support (canvas) for the straw in traditional Mapuche thatched roofs, and are used to make baskets in South Chile (Catalan-Labarias et al., 2006; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955). Cissus striata is used in ethnomedicine as an astringent for skin diseases and antihemorragic (Alarcon et al., 2020; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955).

There is almost no information in the scientific literature about the use of the voqui colorado in livestock feeding. The only data available show that it is a good quality forage that has been browsed by cattle in Chile (Vargas et al., 1965).

Distribution 

Cissus striata originated from South America and is native of the Chilean tropical forest. In Argentina it is found from 100 to 3100 m altitude (FloraArgentina, 2018). In its native area, the voqui colorado grows in low valleys where rainfall is well distributed along the year with short (1 month) dry spells, or in areas where rainfall may stop during 3-5 months with 400-800 mm falling mainly during winter. It grows well in full light but keeps growing under shade up to 80%. Cissus striata can withstand occasional frost down to -5°C (Belov, 2020).

Forage management 

In Nigeria, Cissus striata is has been tested to produce a variety of products including fodder and medicines. The seedlings can be grown in nursery before being planted (Onyema et al., 2010).

Nutritional aspects
Nutritional attributes 

The only data available show that Cissus striata is a good quality forage with a protein content of about 20% DM (Vargas et al., 1965).

Ruminants 

It has been reported that Cissus striata was browsed by cattle in Chile (Vargas et al., 1965).

Poultry 

The seeds of Cissus striata have been reported to be part of the natural diet of the Chilean tinamou (Nothoprocta perdicaria), a South-American game bird that has been assessed for domestication new meat production in Canada (Kermode, 1997). The tinamus look like patridges but are relatives of ratites (ostriches, emus, etc.). In Argentina, the rufous-bellied thrush (Turdus rufiventris) is the only species among Andean forest birds of the same area that consumes the fruits of Cissus striata (Blendinger et al., 2016)

Rabbits 

No information was found (August 2020).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 23.9       1  
Crude protein % DM 20.8       1  
Crude fibre % DM 14.2       1  
Neutral detergent fibre % DM 39.6         *
Acid detergent fibre % DM 16.2         *
Ether extract % DM 2.5       1  
Ash % DM 8.1       1  
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.4         *
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 25       1  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.5       1  
               
Ruminants nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 72.6         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 69.4         *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 12.8         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.3         *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 86         *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 12         *
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 65         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Vargas et al., 1965

Last updated on 28/08/2020 18:35:26

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

Heuzé V., Tran G., Bazan, S., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2020. Voqui colorado (Cissus striata). Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. https://feedipedia.org/node/167 Last updated on September 4, 2020, 16:31