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Cissus (Cissus striata)

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Datasheet

Description
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Common names 

Cissus [English; French]; colli voqui, cuduñ-foqui, enredadera, parrilla, quineu, voqui arrastrado, voqui colorado, voqui negro, mahul, pilpilvoqui, voqui rojo, voqui, voque, voque negro, zarzaparrilla [Chilean Spanish] (Meza et al., 1991; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955)

Synonyms 

Clematicissus striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lombardi

Taxonomic information 

A clear separation between the Cissus striata and the other Cissus species was observed based on molecular and morphological characters. A close relation exists between the Cissus striata to the Australian genus Clematicissus. Contributing to render all Vitaceae family more homogenous a new name was proposed : Clematicissus striata (Ruiz & Pav.) Lombardi (Lombardi, 2015). 

Related feed(s) 
Description 

Cissus (Cissus striata) is a small-leaved evergreen vine with creeping or climbing habit. Cissus was part of the human diet in precolombian times and even soon after the "Conquista" it was still collected in the forest (Silva et al., 2019). There is only one reference about its chemical composition and potential use as forage for ruminants (Vargas et al., 1965).

The stems of the cissus are long (up to 5 m) and fibrous. The leaves are petiolated (1.3-3.5 cm long) and palmately compound. The leaflets are oblong, cuneate at the base and acute at the apex. The inflorescence is a bunch of greenish small flowers and the fruits are bunches of berries, coloured in purple then dark blue and black in colour as they are maturing (Alarcon et al., 2020; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955).

The stems serve as a support (canvas) for the straw in traditional Mapuche thatched roofs, they are also used to make baskets in South Chile (Catalan-Labarias et al., 2006; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955). Cissus is also used in ethnomedicine as an astringent for skin diseases and antihemorragic (Alarcon et al., 2020; Wilhelm de Mösbach, 1955).

Distribution 

Cissus (Cissus striata) originated from South America. It is a native of Chilean tropical forest. In Argentina it is found from 100 to 3100 m altitude (FloraArgentina, 2020)

In its native area, it grows in low valleys in places where rainfall is well distributed along the year with short (1 month) dry spells but also in place where rainfall may stop during 3-5 months with 400-800 mm falling mainly during winter. Cissus grows well in full light but keep growing under shade up to 80%. Cissus can withstand occasional frost down to -5°C (ChileFlora, 2020).

 

Forage management 

In Nigeria, cissus (Cissus striata) is grown to produce a variety of products like fodder and medicines. The seedlings can be grown in nursery before being planted (Onyema, 2010).

Nutritional aspects
Ruminants 

Browsed by cattle.

Poultry 

The seeds of Cissus (Cissus striata) have been reported to be part of the diet of the Partridge Tinamou a South-American game bird that has been assessed for new meat production in Canada (Kermode, 1997).

Nutritional tables
Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value 

Avg: average or predicted value; SD: standard deviation; Min: minimum value; Max: maximum value; Nb: number of values (samples) used

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 23.9 1
Crude protein % DM 20.8 1
Crude fibre % DM 14.2 1
Ether extract % DM 2.5 1
Ash % DM 8.1 1
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.4 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 25.0 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.5 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Vargas et al., 1965

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:59

References
References 
Datasheet citation 

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. https://www.feedipedia.org/node/167 Last updated on June 15, 2020, 12:04