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Berchielli et al., 2001. Rev. Bras. Zootec., 30 (4): 1332-1339

Document reference 
Berchielli, T. T. ; Soares, J. P. G. ; Aroeira, L. J. M. ; Furlan, C. L. ; Salman, A. K. D. ; Silveira, R. N. da ; Malheiros, E. B., 2001. Prediction of dry matter intake based on ruminal degradation from milking cows grazing Coastcross Bermudagrass. Rev. Bras. Zootec., 30 (4): 1332-1339
Alternative title 

Estimativa da ingestão voluntária a partir das características de degradação do capim-Coastcross (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers.), sob pastejo, por vacas em lactação


Dry matter intake (DMI) of coastcross bermudagrass grazing by crossbred Holstein-Zebu and Zebu lactating cows was calculated using in vitro dry matter digestibility from extrusa (four esophageal fistulated cows) and fecal output estimate with mordent chromium by the non linear model. Pasture was managed in a rotational system with three days of occupation and 27 days of resting period, adopting a stocking rate of 1.6 and 3.2 cows/ha respectively during the dry and rainy season. Four different equations based on ruminal degradation were used to predict dry matter intake: DMI = -1.19 + 0.035 (a+ b) + 28.5c (1), DMI = -0.822 + 0.0748 (a+ b) + 40.7c (2), DMI = -8.286 + 0.266a + 0.102b +17.696c (3) and DMI = [%FDN na MS]* [FDN intake] / [(1-a-b)/KP  +b/(c+ k p )]/24] (4). The coastcross DMI predicted by the equations were different from results obtained with the model (6.3 kg of dry matter/cow/day). The data achieved using the equations 1 and 2 (12.2 and 12.7 kg/cow/day respectively) were similar and superior from results obtained by equation 4 (7.8 kg/ cow/day). Those values overestimated the results obtained using mordent chromium. The data obtained by equation 3 (5.5 kg/cow/day) was lower than those determined by equations and underestimated the DMI calculated with external marker. The prediction of dry matter intake from cows grazing tropical forages using equations based in ruminal degradation parameters constitutes an important potential for those evaluations, but it should be still studied before being employed in practice.

Citation key 
Berchielli et al., 2001