Feedipedia
Animal feed resources information system
Feedipedia
Feedipedia

Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa), grain

Note: the energy values for monogastrics are estimates that suppose that the grain was deprived of saponins

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Dry matter % as fed 88.2 2.3 84.8 92.2 15  
Crude protein % DM 13.6 2.5 9.2 20.4 36  
Crude fibre % DM 3 2.3 1.2 10.3 14  
Neutral detergent fibre % DM 15.8         *
Acid detergent fibre % DM 4.1         *
Lignin % DM 1.3         *
Ether extract % DM 7 2.3 4.8 14.5 15  
Ash % DM 3.7 1.3 2.4 7.1 15  
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 61.6   58.1 64.8 4  
Starch (enzymatic) % DM 64.2       1  
Total sugars % DM 3.5          
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 19.1         *
               
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Alanine g/16g N 4 0.8 2.6 5.7 28  
Arginine g/16g N 7.5 1.7 3.7 10.9 28  
Aspartic acid g/16g N 8.8 2.1 4.3 12 28  
Cystine g/16g N 1.8   1.5 2.2 3  
Glutamic acid g/16g N 12.6 2.6 7.4 18 28  
Glycine g/16g N 5.2 0.9 3.4 7.1 28  
Histidine g/16g N 2.7 0.6 1.4 3.8 28  
Isoleucine g/16g N 2.9 1.1 1.7 7.4 28  
Leucine g/16g N 6 1.1 3.8 7.5 28  
Lysine g/16g N 4.7 1 2.4 6.7 29  
Methionine g/16g N 1.5 0.3 0.7 2.3 29  
Methionine+cystine g/16g N 3.3         *
Phenylalanine g/16g N 3.6 0.7 2.3 4.6 28  
Phenylalanine+tyrosine g/16g N 6.3       1 *
Proline g/16g N 4.2 2.1 2.2 9.4 28  
Serine g/16g N 4.3 0.9 2.6 5.9 28  
Threonine g/16g N 3.4 0.6 2.1 4.6 29  
Tryptophan g/16g N 0.8 0.2 0.6 1.1 20  
Tyrosine g/16g N 2.7 0.5 1.9 3.6 28  
Valine g/16g N 3.7 0.9 2.2 6 28  
               
Fatty acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Myristic acid C14:0 % fatty acids 0.5 0.6 0 1.7 9  
Palmitic acid C16:0 % fatty acids 10.6 6.3 1.8 24.3 10  
Palmitoleic acid C16:1 % fatty acids 0.2 0.4 0.03 1.1 7  
Stearic acid C18:0 % fatty acids 0.7 0.2 0.4 1.1 10  
Oleic acid C18:1 % fatty acids 25.6 4.2 18.7 31.7 10  
Linoleic acid C18:2 % fatty acids 47.5 5.9 38.9 54.2 10  
Linolenic acid C18:3 % fatty acids 6 2.4 2.3 8.8 9  
               
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Calcium g/kg DM 2.8 4 0.3 11.4 7  
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.9 1 2.4 5 5  
Potassium g/kg DM 18.3 24 0.09 66.3 6  
Sodium g/kg DM 12.08 28.11 0.11 69.44 6  
Chlorine g/kg DM 1.5   1.1 2.3 3  
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.3 2.5 1.5 8.4 6  
Sulfur g/kg DM 1.9   1.5 2.2 3  
Manganese mg/kg DM 31 13 19 46 5  
Zinc mg/kg DM 33 34 12 108 7  
Copper mg/kg DM 31 57 3 134 5  
Iron mg/kg DM 182 290 30 836 7  
               
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 84.8         *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.2         *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 15.7         *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.4         *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 82.5         *
               
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 15.4         *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 15.1         *
               
Ruminants nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
OM digestibility, ruminants % 88.1         *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 86.1         *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.7         *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 71.5       1 *
               
Rabbit nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb  
DE rabbit MJ/kg DM 15.4         *
MEn rabbit MJ/kg DM 14.9         *
Energy digestibility, rabbit % 80.5         *
Nitrogen digestibility, rabbit % 68.1         *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Alvarez-Jubete et al., 2009; Bhargava et al., 2008; De Bruin, 1964; De Bruin, 1964; Dini et al., 1992; Gonzalez et al., 2011; Jacobsen et al., 1997; Miranda et al., 2012; Olukosi et al., 2019; Prakash et al., 1993; Stikic et al., 2012; Ugarte, 1956

Last updated on 11/11/2019 17:13:30

Table status 
Finished
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