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Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana)

Description and recommendations

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Common names

Rhodes grass, chloris, herbe de rhodes, rhodasgras, capim de rhodes, grama de rodas, pasto de rodas, pasto rhodes, koro korosan, banuko, ya rot, tucgiéân, zacate gordura, banuko, abu raseya, erigaru, ol'piripiri andoi.

Synonyms

Chloris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich.

Related feed(s)

Description

Fine-stemmed leafy turf-forming perennial up to 1.5 m high. Varieties selected for grazing (prostrate) and hay (erect). Grows in areas with 600-1200 mm of summer rainfall and a four- to six-month dry season. Found on many soils, but prefers fertile soils. Persistent and drought resistant when well grazed and fertilized, but disappears after a few years if not well managed. New pastures should not be heavily grazed or cut until seeds have set once. Cuttings taken at monthly intervals. A popular grass very easily established by sowing. Herbage yields reasonable, but not particularly high quality except for the first one to two months. Usual productive life of three years, which can be extended by heavy fertilization. Combines with a number of legumes, such as alfalfa and centro.

Ruminants

Palatable and one of the most satisfactory tropical grasses for hay; not suitable for silage. The Giant Rhodes variety is more palatable and drought resistant.

Citation

DATASHEET UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE. http://www.feedipedia.org/node/480 Last updated on March 16, 2010, 16:13

Tables

Tables of chemical composition and nutritional value

IMPORTANT INFORMATION: This datasheet is pending revision and updating; its contents are currently derived from FAO's Animal Feed Resources Information System (1991-2002) and from Bo Göhl's Tropical Feeds (1976-1982).

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 25.0 6.4 16.5 39.7 192
Crude protein % DM 8.9 2.8 5.1 15.9 250
Crude fibre % DM 37.4 3.5 28.4 43.5 224
NDF % DM 72.4 3.2 70.4 82.1 27 *
ADF % DM 43.5 3.0 36.6 45.9 21 *
Lignin % DM 6.1 1.7 2.7 7.7 12 *
Ether extract % DM 2.2 0.5 1.2 3.4 168
Ash % DM 8.9 1.6 6.0 13.0 244
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.3 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.8 1.0 2.2 5.9 197
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.9 0.9 1.3 5.3 201
Potassium g/kg DM 18.7 5.6 7.7 29.4 187
Sodium g/kg DM 3.1 1.5 0.2 5.6 16
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.9 0.5 1.0 2.9 171
Manganese mg/kg DM 72 65 18 268 31
Zinc mg/kg DM 28 12 16 65 31
Copper mg/kg DM 6 1 4 9 31
Iron mg/kg DM 237 180 97 498 4
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 59.9 7.5 52.0 78.5 18 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 57.3 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.5 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.4 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 61.4 16.0 22.0 78.7 18

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Aumont et al., 1991; CIRAD, 1991; Dzowela et al., 1990; French, 1943; Hassan et al., 1979; Hassoun, 2009; Holm, 1971; Mbwile et al., 1997; Mlay et al., 2006; Shem et al., 1999; Singh et al., 1992; Todd, 1956; Todd, 1956; Walker, 1975; Work, 1937

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:54

TABLE UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE.

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 86.3 3.5 76.2 92.8 138
Crude protein % DM 9.4 2.6 4.3 14.6 160
Crude fibre % DM 35.3 2.1 31.2 40.4 129
NDF % DM 70.4 2.2 70.4 79.7 36 *
ADF % DM 41.2 4.3 37.5 50.1 38 *
Lignin % DM 5.6 1.9 3.9 9.7 33 *
Ether extract % DM 1.6 0.5 0.9 2.5 29
Ash % DM 9.8 1.4 6.7 13.2 154
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.0 0.3 18.0 19.8 7 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 3.1 0.7 2.0 4.6 66
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.6 0.6 1.6 4.2 67
Potassium g/kg DM 16.9 5.3 5.0 23.8 54
Sodium g/kg DM 4.1 3.0 1.2 8.9 13
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.4 0.3 0.9 2.2 54
Manganese mg/kg DM 107 46 47 209 9
Zinc mg/kg DM 22 19 0 83 17
Copper mg/kg DM 5 2 3 9 17
Iron mg/kg DM 31 83 0 220 7
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 58.8 4.1 49.7 63.6 26 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 55.4 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.0 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.0 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 40.5 13.3 17.0 55.0 14

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

CIRAD, 1991; El-Hag et al., 1992; French, 1943; Gartner et al., 1975; Hassoun, 2009; Holm, 1971; Holm, 1971; Kategile et al., 1988; Kennedy et al., 1992; Mahgoub et al., 2005; Mandibaya et al., 1999; Mero et al., 1998; Minson, 1971; Ondiek et al., 1999; Rees et al., 1980; Richard et al., 1989; Shem et al., 1999; Todd, 1956

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:54

TABLE UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE.

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 21.8 1.3 20.1 23.6 5
Crude protein % DM 10.1 4.1 4.5 16.1 5
Crude fibre % DM 33.8 4.5 26.8 37.2 5
NDF % DM 69.1 *
ADF % DM 39.6 *
Lignin % DM 5.3 *
Ether extract % DM 2.2 1
Ash % DM 13.8 1.6 12.8 16.6 5
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 17.4 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 4.6 1
Phosphorus g/kg DM 3.3 1
Potassium g/kg DM 34.0 1
Magnesium g/kg DM 3.7 1
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 62.7 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 58.6 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 10.2 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 8.2 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 8.9 1

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Blair Ralns, 1963; CIRAD, 1991; Hassoun, 2009

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:44:54

TABLE UNDER CONSTRUCTION. DO NOT QUOTE.

References

References

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Barry, G. A., 1984. Cobalt concentrations in pasture species grown in several cattle grazing areas of Queensland. Queensland Journal of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, 41 (2): 73-81
Blair Ralns, A., 1963. Grassland Research in Northern Nigeria. 1952 - 62. Misc. pap., Samaru (Nigeria), No. 1, 69 p.
French, M. H., 1943. The compositions and nutritive values of Tanganyika feeding stuffs. E. Afr. Agric. For. J., 8: 126-132
Holm, J., 1971. Personal communication. Nutrition Laboratory, Chiung Mai.
Iyeghe-Erakpotobor, G. T. ; Muhammad, A. R., 2008. Intake of tropical grass, legume and legume-grass mixtures by rabbits. Trop. Grassl., 42: 112-119 web icon
Jones, R. J., 1981. The effect of grass species on animal performance. CSIRO, Division of Tropical Crops and Pastures, Annual Report 1981 82. 1982, 104. Brisbane, Australia
Kennedy, P. M., 1989. Digestion and passage of tropical forages in swamp buffaloes and cattle. in: Domestic Buffalo Production in Asia. IAEA, Vienna, pp. 21-40
Lucci, C. S. ; Nogueira Filho, J. C. M. ; Borelli, V. ; Rocha, G. L. da, 1982. Milk production on fertilized grasslands and grass and legume pastures grazed continuously or rotationally. Revista da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 19 (2): 167-172
Lucci, CS. ; Nogueira Filho, J. C. M. ; Borelli, V., 1983. Milk production on grass pastures with and without nitrogen, continuously and rotationally grazed. Revista da Faculdade de Medicina Veterinaria e Zootecnia da Universidade de Sao Paulo, 20 (1): 53-56
Mbwile, R. P. ; Udén, P., 1997. The effect of feeding level on intake and digestibility of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana, cv Kunth) by dairy cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 66 (1-3): 181-196 web icon
Mero, R. ; Uden, P., 1998. Promising tropical grasses and legumes as feed resources in Central Tanzania. III: Effect of feeding level on digestibility and voluntary intake of four grasses by sheep. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 70 (1): 79-95 web icon
Ojeda, F. ; Caceres, O. ; Luis, L. ; Esperance, M. ; Santana, H., 1989. Silages from tropical forages. In: Xandé A. et Alexandre G. (eds), Pâturages et alimentation des ruminants en zone tropicale humide, INRA Publications, Versailles, 31-44
Ørskov, E. R. ; Nakashima, Y. ; Abreu, J. M. F. ; Kibon, A. ; Tuah, A. K., 1992. Data on DM degradability of feedstuffs. Studies at and in association with the Rowett Research Organization, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, UK. Personal Communication
Osman, A. E. ; Makawi, M. ; Ahmed, R., 2008. Potential of the indigenous desert grasses of the Arabian Peninsula for forage production in a water-scarce region. Grass and Forage Sci., 63 (4): 495–503 web icon
Perez Infante, F. ; Nunez, M., 1983. Effect of different species and mixtures of pastures on milk production. Cuban J. Agric. Sci., 17 (3): 233-242
Russell, J. S., 1985. Soil treatment, plant species and management effects on improved pastures on a solodic soil in the semi arid subtropics. 2. Cattle liveweight gains. Aust. J. Exp. Agric. Anim. Husb., 25 (2): 380-391 web icon
Schlink, A. C. ; Lindsay, J. A., 1988. Sugar cane products as potential energy supplements for cattle fed low quality roughage. Proceedings of the Australian Society of Animal Production. 1988, 17, 330 333
Shimojo, M. ; Goto, I., 1990. Improvement of nutritive value of tropical grasses by physical or chemical treatment. 1. Effect of steam treatment on chemical composition and dry matter digestibility. J. Japan. Soc. Grassl. Sci., 36 (2): 184-190
Shimojo, M. ; Goto, I., 1990. Improvement of nutritive value of tropical grasses by physical or chemical treatment. 2. Effect of wet treatment with sodium hydroxide on chemical composition and dry matter digestibility. J. Japan. Soc. Grassl. Sci., 36 (2): 191-196
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Todd, J. R., 1956. Investigations into the chemical composition and nutritive value of certain forage plants at medium altitudes in the tropics I. Seasonal variation in the chemical composition of the grasses Bothriochloa insculpta, Chloris gayana and Brachiaria dictyoneura, under rotational light grazing, with a note on the persistence of the grasses. J. Agric. Sci., 47 (1): 29-34 web icon
Walker, C. A., 1975. Personal communication. Central Research Station, Mazabuka, N. Rhodesia
Work, S. H., 1937. Digestibility of Hawaiian feeding stuffs. Ann. Rep. Hawaii agric. Exp. Stn, 77-80

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