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Maize grain, North America

Main analysis Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Dry matter % as fed 87.2 1.8 84.9 90.8 108
Crude protein % DM 9.5 0.7 8.2 11.5 128
Crude fibre % DM 2.3 0.3 1.8 2.8 48
NDF % DM 11.9 2.4 8.5 16.4 19
ADF % DM 3.1 0.6 2.1 4.5 18
Lignin % DM 0.6 0.2 0.5 1.1 6
Ether extract % DM 4.1 0.3 3.2 4.9 92
Ash % DM 1.4 0.1 1.2 1.8 69
Starch (polarimetry) % DM 73.1 1.3 69.0 74.8 48
Total sugars % DM 3.1 0.3 2.8 3.6 6
Gross energy MJ/kg DM 18.7 0.3 18.1 19.3 33 *
 
Minerals Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Calcium g/kg DM 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.6 19
Phosphorus g/kg DM 2.9 0.2 2.5 3.1 18
Potassium g/kg DM 3.5 0.1 3.4 3.6 5
Sodium g/kg DM 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 7
Magnesium g/kg DM 1.2 0.1 1.0 1.3 16
Manganese mg/kg DM 13 10 4 35 16
Zinc mg/kg DM 23 7 17 40 16
Copper mg/kg DM 2 0 2 3 6
Iron mg/kg DM 21 1
 
Amino acids Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Alanine % protein 7.5 0.3 6.8 8.0 24
Arginine % protein 4.9 0.4 4.2 5.7 33
Aspartic acid % protein 6.8 0.5 5.8 7.7 24
Cystine % protein 2.2 0.3 1.6 2.7 16
Glutamic acid % protein 18.1 0.9 16.4 19.6 24
Glycine % protein 3.9 0.4 3.1 4.3 22
Histidine % protein 2.9 0.2 2.5 3.4 25
Isoleucine % protein 3.6 0.2 3.2 3.9 35
Leucine % protein 11.8 0.9 9.4 13.6 36
Lysine % protein 3.1 0.3 2.6 3.7 36
Methionine % protein 2.1 0.2 1.9 2.5 24
Phenylalanine % protein 4.8 0.3 4.2 5.3 35
Proline % protein 8.7 0.7 7.5 9.7 17
Serine % protein 4.7 0.3 4.3 5.1 24
Threonine % protein 3.5 0.2 3.2 3.9 37
Tryptophan % protein 0.7 0.1 0.6 0.8 19
Tyrosine % protein 3.4 0.7 2.2 4.6 19
Valine % protein 4.9 0.2 4.5 5.4 35
 
Ruminant nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
OM digestibility, Ruminant % 89.0 1.4 88.7 92.0 5 *
Energy digestibility, ruminants % 86.5 1.4 85.8 89.6 5 *
DE ruminants MJ/kg DM 16.2 *
ME ruminants MJ/kg DM 13.7 0.2 13.4 14.0 5 *
Nitrogen digestibility, ruminants % 67.0 *
a (N) % 9.6 1
b (N) % 87.7 1
c (N) h-1 0.041 1
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=4%) % 54 *
Nitrogen degradability (effective, k=6%) % 45 7 33 45 3 *
 
Pig nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
Energy digestibility, growing pig % 88.1 2.1 85.3 91.4 8 *
DE growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.5 0.9 14.6 17.0 8 *
MEn growing pig MJ/kg DM 16.1 *
NE growing pig MJ/kg DM 12.9 *
Nitrogen digestibility, growing pig % 81.4 5.6 72.7 86.9 6 *
 
Poultry nutritive values Unit Avg SD Min Max Nb
AMEn cockerel MJ/kg DM 15.4 0.1 15.4 16.2 4 *
AMEn broiler MJ/kg DM 15.1 0.2 14.7 15.1 4 *

The asterisk * indicates that the average value was obtained by an equation.

References

Adeola et al., 1995; Adeola et al., 1996; Adeola, 1996; Adeola, 2003; Adeola, 2006; Aderibigbe et al., 1993; AFZ, 2011; Aw-Yong et al., 1983; Batajoo et al., 1998; Behnke, 1983; Burgoon et al., 1991; Burgoon et al., 1992; Christen et al., 2010; Cousins et al., 1981; Crawford et al., 1978; Dale et al., 1994; Forster et al., 1994; Frigg, 1976; Getachew et al., 2004; Gibb et al., 2004; Grings et al., 1992; Han et al., 1976; Hannah et al., 1990; Herkelman et al., 1990; Herrera-Saldana et al., 1990; Hill et al., 1990; Hongtrakul et al., 1998; Klopfenstein, 1996; Lawrence et al., 1995; Lin et al., 1987; Luis et al., 1982; Martinez et al., 1990; McNiven et al., 1994; Morse et al., 1992; Muztar et al., 1979; Muztar et al., 1981; Nakamura et al., 1989; Nuez-Ortin et al., 2009; Pedersen et al., 2007; Saleh et al., 1998; Santra et al., 2011; Sibbald, 1979; Snow et al., 2004; Sosulki et al., 1990; Storey et al., 1982; Sullivan et al., 1989; Van Lunen et al., 1989; Wainman et al., 1984; Zhu et al., 1990

Last updated on 24/10/2012 00:43:26

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